1. NAI Newsletter March 25, 2015

    March 25, 2015 Issue






    NASA seeks new NASA Astrobiology Institute Director

    NASA seeks a new Director for the NASA Astrobiology Institute (NAI). The ideal candidate will be an internationally recognized scientist with proven experience in leading or managing large interdisciplinary research programs or projects, possessed with a vision for leading the Institute into the future. Applicants for this position should have a broad scientific perspective on astrobiology, experience in conducting interdisciplinary scientific research, and demonstrated skills needed to harness the strengths of disparate research communities towards a greater goal. S/he should understand how to grow a research endeavor and respond to changing budget climates while focusing on maximizing the scientific return on NASA’s investments in astrobiology. S/he should have experience in leading a diverse staff ranging from established scientists to support personnel, resource planning, and executing budgets and schedules. S/he should be comfortable with modern information technologies and distributed research teams. NASA is particularly interested in applicants who will find ways to infuse astrobiology into NASA flight missions.

    The NAI Director is both the senior scientific officer and chief operating officer of the NAI. The Director coordinates scientific activities of the Institute’s member teams and is responsible and held accountable for all operational aspects of the NAI, including the administration of personnel, budget and NASA policies. The Director will lead the NAI in fulfilling its mission to perform, support, and catalyze collaborative interdisciplinary astrobiology research; train the next generation of astrobiologists; provide scientific and technical leadership for astrobiology space mission investigations; develop new information technology approaches for collaborations among widely distributed investigators; and support K-12 education and public outreach programs.

    Established in 1998 as part of NASA’s Astrobiology Program, the NAI is a virtual, distributed organization of competitively-selected teams that conduct and integrate astrobiology research and training programs in concert with the national and international science communities. The Institute has 12 teams including ~600 researchers distributed across ~100 organizations as well as 13 international partner organizations. Headquartered at NASA Ames Research Center in the heart of California’s Silicon Valley, the NAI links researchers across the US and around the globe using modern information technologies.

    The NAI serves a vital role in advancing the goals of the larger NASA Astrobiology Program, with a focus on seeking the answers to these fundamental questions: How does life begin and evolve? Is there life beyond Earth and, if so, how can we detect it? What is the future of life on Earth and beyond?

    U.S. citizenship is required for the NAI Director.

    Interested individuals should apply at: https://www.usajobs.gov/GetJob/ViewDetails/393518700. You can also go to USAJobs at https://www.usajobs.gov/. In the keyword search box, type vacancy number “AR15S0001”. Select “Director, NASA Astrobiology Institute”, then click “Apply Online”.

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    Astrobiology Program NPP Selections for November 2014

    The NASA Astrobiology Program is pleased to welcome 6 new Fellows to the NASA Astrobiology Postdoctoral Fellowship Program (NPP) Program. They are:

    Bradley Burcar, “Investigation and Polymerization of Supramolecular Assemblies of Triazine, Purine, and Pyrimidine Derivatives in the search for proto-RNA”
    Advisor: Nick Hud, Georgia Institute of Technology, Exobiology: Prebiotic Evolution

    Geoffrey Gilleaudeau, “The Cycling of Nitrogen and Transition Metals in Low Oxygen Greenhouse Oceans: Evidence From Redox Proxies, Metal Abundances, and Molybdenum/Nitrogen Isotopes”
    Advisor: Ariel Anbar, Arizona State University, Exobiology: Early Evolution of Life and the Biosphere

    Luke McKay, “Insights into a Primitive Microbial Metabolism—Dissimilatory Iron Reducing Methanogenesis: Gene Expression, Low Energy Survival, and Isotopic Biosignatures”
    Advisor: Eric Boyd, Montana State University, NAI University of Wisconsin team

    Alan Rooney, “Constraining the rise of eukaryvory and biomineralization in Neoproterozoic heterotrophic protists“
    Advisor: Francis MacDonald, Harvard University, NAI Massachusetts Institute of Technology team

    Leigh Anne Riedman, “Resolving Early Eukaryotic Evolution with Ultrastructure of Neoproterozoic Microfossils”
    Advisor: Andy Knoll, Harvard University, NAI Massachusetts Institute of Technology team

    Tim Efthymiou, “Study of a Novel Acyclic Oligonucleotide as an RNA Progenitor and Mimic”
    Advisor: Ram Krishnamurthy, Scripps Research Institute, Exobiology: Prebiotic Evolution

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    An Astrobiology Community Survey – Communications Training

    Dear Astrobiologists,

    As you know, communication with the public is a core value we share in the astrobiology community, and we aim to support your efforts by providing skills-building trainings in this area broadly. As part of our education and outreach activities, we would like to solicit your input as to the types of training and support you might be interested in receiving, and through what types of channels you might be most likely to participate. If you could give us 5 minutes of your time, we will be able to create custom programming to meet your needs and expectations—and support you to be the best communicator you can be!

    Please take this VERY SHORT, 5-question survey here – ASAPhttps://www.surveymonkey.com/s/VQHSK26

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    ROSES-15 Amendment 2: Release of a new program element: The Mars Science Laboratory Participating Scientist Program

    This solicitation is for Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Participating Scientist (PS) investigations to enhance the scientific return from the mission by broadening participation to include new investigations that extend and/or complement the funded Principal Investigator (PI)-led instrument investigations, thus maximizing the contribution of MSL to the future exploration and scientific understanding of Mars. Participating Scientist proposals may include investigations that are instrument specific or multi-instrument in nature and, in all cases, proposals must include both science analysis and an operational component (commitment to participate in daily operations) in order to be considered. Because the intention is to enhance and broaden the scientific return, investigations submitted by MSL Instrument PIs and Instrument Co-Investigators (Co-Is) will not be considered. Existing Participating Scientists and their PS investigation team members, if they are interested in continuing as Participating Scientists, must propose and successfully recompete.

    Mandatory Step-1 proposals are due by May 6, 2015, and full Step-2 proposals are due by June 3, 2015.

    On March 4, 2015, this Amendment to the NASA Research Announcement “Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences (ROSES) 2015” (NNH15ZDA001N) will be posted on the NASA research opportunity homepage at http://nspires.nasaprs.com/ and will appear on the RSS feed at: http://science.nasa.gov/researchers/sara/grant-solicitations/roses-2015/

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    3rd International Workshop on Microbial Life Under Extreme Energy Limitation

    This workshop will be held September 21-25 in Sandbjerg, Denmark to bring together scientists with complementary expertise in environmental and laboratory microbiology to consider how microbes function given energy fluxes much lower than those typical of laboratory cultures. Although this condition is pervasive in the environment — particularly in deep subsurface settings — and is important for understanding the habitability of worlds that cannot support life at the surface, it is poorly addressed by our current, culture-based understanding of microbial physiology. Details on the workshop and instructions for abstract submission (Deadline: April 30, 2015) can be found at http://microenergy2015.org/.

    Jan P. Amend (University of Southern California)
    Tori M. Hoehler (NASA Ames Research Center)
    Bo Barker Jørgensen (Aarhus University)

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    Comparative Climates of Terrestrial Planets II: Understanding How Climate Systems Work

    The conference, Comparative Climates of Terrestrial Planets II: Understanding How Climate Systems Work (CCTP2) will be held at NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, September 8-11, 2015. The first CCTP meeting was held in Boulder, Colorado in 2012, and fostered a series of interdisciplinary conversations on a wide range of planetary climates. CCTP2 is planning for a similar range of conversations, including the effects of the Sun and other stars on the climates of Earth and other planets in and beyond the Solar System. The theme of this year’s meeting is “Understanding How Climate Systems Work.” Submission of any research that puts planetary climate in the perspective of a comparative framework, including (but not limited to) the effects from space weather, the parent star, and orbital forcing is encouraged. Abstract submission will open on April 1st, and close April 30th. This meeting is supported by NASA’s Science Mission Directorate (SMD).

    For more information, visit: http://sservi.nasa.gov/cctp2

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    The NOVAE (Networked Observations & Visualizations of the Axial Environment) Workshop

    The NOVAE Workshop will be held April 20 – 22, 2015 at the Talaris Center in Seattle, WA. The workshop aims to examine the potentials that lie before us for conducting cutting-edge research over the coming decades using a comprehensive fiber-optic telepresence, in concert with many other oceanographic tools, to identify, catalogue, interact with, and model as many related processes as possible caused by this highly active Ridge Crest volcano-hydrothermal system, including major disturbances of the overlying ocean during and after eruption.

    Participation: Space and support funding are limited. Please indicate your intent to participate by sending a brief statement of your interest, expertise with Axial/mid-ocean ridge research, and your need for travel/per diem support. We also request that you pose your most challenging scientific issue that could be addressed in the coming decades related to ‘Wired-Axial’ and/or ridge crest research. Upon receipt of this material, we will catalogue and share opinions among all attendees and make our best offer to help defray your costs. We encourage young scientists to participate, and will be somewhat more supportive of your financial needs. Please send responses to jdelaney@uw.edu, or tracie_hunt@yahoo.com

    Lodging: A block of 40 rooms are currently being held at the Silver Cloud Inn-University District, until March 27th. Please make reservations at the Silver Cloud 206-526-5200 as early as possible.

    A website for this conference is under construction.

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    Titan’s Atmosphere Created as Gases Escaped Core

    Artist’s conception of Huygens approaching Titan. Credit: NASA Artist’s conception of Huygens approaching Titan. Credit: NASA

    A decade after landing on Titan, data from the Huygens probe is helping scientists understand how the atmosphere of Saturn’s mysterious moon was formed.

    The study, “Noble gases, nitrogen, and methane from the deep interior to the atmosphere of Titan,” was published in the journal Icarus by lead author Christopher Glein. Glein is a former member of the NAI Team at Arizona State University and is now a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Toronto in Canada.

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    Mars Once Had More Water Than Earth’s Arctic Ocean

    NASA scientists have determined that a primitive ocean on Mars held more water than Earth's Arctic Ocean and that the Red Planet has lost 87 percent of that water to space. Image Credit: NASA/GSFC NASA scientists have determined that a primitive ocean on Mars held more water than Earth's Arctic Ocean and that the Red Planet has lost 87 percent of that water to space. Image Credit: NASA/GSFC

    A primitive ocean on Mars held more water than Earth’s Arctic Ocean, according to NASA scientists who, using ground-based observatories, measured water signatures in the Red Planet’s atmosphere. Scientists have been searching for answers to why this vast water supply left the surface. Details of the observations and computations appear in Science magazine.

    Study authors include members of the NASA Astrobiology Institute team at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC).

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    Habitable Evaporated Cores

    Strong irradiation from the host star can cause planets known as mini-Neptunes in the habitable zone to shed their gaseous envelopes and become potentially habitable worlds.Credit: Rodrigo Luger / NAS Strong irradiation from the host star can cause planets known as mini-Neptunes in the habitable zone to shed their gaseous envelopes and become potentially habitable worlds.Credit: Rodrigo Luger / NASA images

    A new study supported by the NASA Astrobiology Institute (NAI) indicates that some terrestrial planets in the habitable zones of low mass stars could be the evaporated cores of small Neptune-like planets.

    University of Washington (UW) graduate student Rodrigo Luger, professors Rory Barnes and Victoria Meadows, and collaborators published results from an interdisciplinary model that show photoevaporation can remove hydrogen and helium from small, gaseous exoplanets, transforming them into potentially habitable worlds. While these planets are likely to be very different from Earth in composition, they should have abundant surface water, one of the principal ingredients for habitability.

    The study from the Virtual Planetary Laboratory (VPL) at UW was published in the January issue of Astrobiology.

    Source: [University of Washington]

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    Ancient Organisms That Have Not Evolved

    Deep-sea microorganisms are unchanged over more than 2 billion years. Credit: UCLA Center for the Study of Evolution and the Origin of Life Deep-sea microorganisms are unchanged over more than 2 billion years. Credit: UCLA Center for the Study of Evolution and the Origin of Life

    Scientists have discovered 1.8 billion-year-old fossil microorganisms in fossilized deep-sea mud from Western Australia. It appears that the sulfur-cycling microbial community is almost identical to microbial fossils from 2.3 billion-years-ago, and to modern communities found off the coast of South America.

    The stability of these communities could be evidence of a long-term lack of evolution, which reflects the lack of change in their environment. This would be an example of a theory known as evolution’s “null hypothesis.” When an environment is stable, and there are no pressures to cause natural selection, the population of microbes that live in the environment should be stable as well. Further study could help confirm if these mud-inhabiting organisms are an example of this important aspect of evolutionary theory.

    The study was supported by the Astrobiology Program and the NASA Astrobiology Institute and published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

    For more information, check out this press release from the University of California, Los Angeles

    Source: [PNAS]

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    Life in Low-Temperature Fluids Beneath the Ocean Crust

    Phylogenetic relationships of dsrB sequences from borehole 1025C and U1301A fluids. Robador et al., 2014 Phylogenetic relationships of dsrB sequences from borehole 1025C and U1301A fluids. Robador et al., 2014

    A new study supported by the NASA Astrobiology Institute and the Astrobiology program is shedding light on microbial communities that live in low-temperature fluids just beneath the ocean crust. The largest aquifer system on Earth exists beneath the crust at the bottom of our planet’s oceans, yet life in this remote environment has remained relatively unexplored for decades. By drilling into the ocean floor, scientists retrieved low-temperature (<100°C) fluids from the environment. In the samples they found evidence of sulfate reducing microbes over a range of temperatures.

    The results suggest that sulfate reducing microbes could be responsible for the removal of organic matter in fluids within the upper oceanic crust, and this might have a measurable impact on the biogeochemical cycling of carbon on Earth.

    The paper, “Activity and phylogenetic diversity of sulfate-reducing microorganisms in low-temperature subsurface fluids within the upper oceanic crust,” was published in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology.

    Source: [Frontiers in Microbiology]

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    2015 Josep Comas i Solà International Summer School in Astrobiology – the Origin of Life: From Monomers to Cells

    Application Deadline: Tuesday, March 31th

    The 2015 Josep Comas i Solà International Summer School in Astrobiology will be held at the summer campus of the Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo (UIMP), Palacio de la Magdalena, Santander, Spain on June 29 – July 3, 2015.

    This year’s theme will be The Origin of Life: From Monomers to Cells. The school will provide an interdisciplinary examination of the chemical, physical and geological processes that are required to develop cellular life, and discuss the different environmental settings that would support these processes. Topics covered will include an introductory overview of origin of life research and future directions, planetary environments for life’s origin, abiological synthesis of small molecules relevant to life, the synthesis of biopolymers, the RNA world, and the development of protocells and the first cells.

    School Directors

    Dr. Javier Gómez-Elvira (Centro de Astrobiología)
    Prof. Victoria Meadows (University of Washington)

    Confirmed Lecturers:

    Dr. George Cody (Carnegie Institution of Washington)
    Dr. Pierre-Alain Monnard (University of Southern Denmark)
    Dr. Juli Peretó (Universitat de València)
    Additional lecturers are being confirmed


    Applications are open to graduate students studying at US Institutions. CLICK HERE to apply.

    Students not studying at US institutions may apply for fellowships to attend the school from UIMP. Applications for the UIMP international fellowships will be due in May. More details will be provided closer to the application deadline.

    Sponsoring Organizations

    NAINASA Astrobiology Institute
    CAB – Spanish Centro de Astrobiología
    ESA – European Space Agency
    UIMP – Universidad Internacional Menendez Pelayo

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    Postdoctoral Researcher: Mineralogy and Petrology of Planetary Materials

    Candidate review begins March 30, 2015

    The Universities Space Research Association’s Lunar and Planetary Institute, invites applications for a postdoctoral fellowship in the mineralogy and petrology of planetary materials.

    The successful candidate will work with Dr. Allan Treiman in NASA-funded efforts, emphasizing planetary crusts and magmas, and their volatile constituents and on the CheMin science team of the Mars Science Laboratory mission. The candidate will participate in analysis and interpretation of CheMin X-ray diffraction data of Mars surface materials; and may also participate in operations planning for the CheMin instrument.

    Applicants should have a recent Ph.D. in petrology or geochemistry; experience with planetary materials is helpful, but not required. The position would be for two years, with possible extension to a third year. Detailed information can be found at the Universities Space Research Association site.

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    2014 Nininger Meteorite Award

    Application Deadline: March 31, 2015

    The Center for Meteorite Studies at Arizona State University is pleased to announce the application opportunity for the 2014 Nininger Meteorite Award for undergraduate and graduate students pursuing research in meteoritical sciences. The Nininger Meteorite Award recognizes outstanding student achievement in the meteoritical sciences as embodied by an original research paper.

    Applicants must be the first, but not sole, author of the paper and must be studying at an educational institution in the United States. Papers must cover original research conducted by the student and must have been written, submitted, or published between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2014. The Nininger Award recipient receives $1000 and an engraved plaque commemorating the honor. Further information about the Nininger Award and application instructions are located at http://meteorites.asu.edu/nininger.

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    NASA Office of Education Scholarship and Research Opportunities

    Application Deadline: March 31, 2015

    NASA Office of Education (OE) is accepting applications for NASA Scholarship and Research Opportunities (SRO). Scholarship awards are made to individuals pursuing degrees in undergraduate studies leading to Associate’s or Bachelor’s degree specifically in areas of projected deficiencies in the NASA Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) workforce. The NASA Scholarship and Research Opportunities are the:

    - Minority University Research and Education Project (MUREP) which awards scholarships for individuals in one or more relevant NASA-related STEM disciplines. Students must currently attend or plan to attend an accredited Minority Serving Institution (MSI) in the United States.

    - Aeronautics Undergraduate Scholarships (AUS), which awards scholarships for individuals in areas, related to aeronautics. These scholarships are directed toward enhancing the state of aeronautics for the nation, transforming the nation’s air transportation system, and developing the knowledge, tools, and technologies to support future air and space vehicles.

    Information and applications can be found at the NASA One Stop Shopping Initiative.

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    Spring 2015 Gerald A. Soffen Memorial Fund Travel Grants

    The Gerald A. Soffen Memorial Fund is pleased to announce the first 2015 Travel Grant application opportunity for undergraduate and graduate students pursuing studies in fields of space science and engineering.

    The Travel Grants, in the amount of $500, enable student recipients to attend professional meetings to present their research. The Spring 2015 Travel Grant application deadline is April 1, 2015. Jerry Soffen, a biologist by training, led a distinguished career in NASA, including serving as the Project Scientist for Viking and as an architect for the NASA Astrobiology Institute. The Travel Grant continues Jerry’s dedication to educating and involving future generations in space science and engineering pursuits. The electronic application materials and instructions are located on the Soffen Fund website: http://SoffenFund.org

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    Postdoctoral Teaching Associate in Mineralogy – University of Tennessee

    Application review start date: April 1, 2015 (Application period open until filled)

    The University of Tennessee in Knoxville invites applications for a Post-doctoral Teaching Associate position in Mineralogy starting August 1, 2015, pending approval of funding. The position is a 9-month appointment and includes benefits. Successful candidates will be expected to teach mineralogy for undergraduate geology majors, physical geology at the entry level, and possibly a specialized mineralogy or petrology course at the upper division undergraduate or graduate level. Candidates will also be encouraged to participate in departmental research projects and/or work on their own research.

    UT-Knoxville is the state’s flagship research institution, located near Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Great Smoky Mountains. The EPS department comprises an energetic group of tenure-track and research faculty, post-doctoral researchers, and ~150 graduate and undergraduate students.

    More information is available at http://web.eps.utk.edu/.

    Applicants should e-mail CV, description of teaching and research interests, and contact information for 3 references in PDF format to:
    Prof. Josh Emery
    Search Committee Chair
    University of Tennessee
    Knoxville, TN 37996-1410

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    Postdoctoral Scientist: Planetary Climate Modeling

    Proposed start date: April 1, 2015 (Application period open until filled)

    Columbia University offers a 2-year Postdoctoral Research Scientist appointment to model radiative processes and their effect on planetary climates in a general circulation model. The successful candidate will join an interdisciplinary team from the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS), GSFC, Columbia University, and other institutions. Team research addresses the habitability of past Solar System climates and exoplanet climates and informs the design of future exoplanet missions. The candidate will be expected to perform original research, present results at scientific meetings, and publish first-author peer-reviewed papers. The candidate will be resident at NASA GISS in New York City.

    Requirements: PhD. in atmospheric science, planetary science, astrobiology, astronomy, physics, or a similar field. Expertise in radiative transfer and willingness to become involved in radiation parameterization development are required, but the broad scope allows for many possible research directions using the model. Strong mathematics and programming skills are also required. Strong candidates will be interested in interdisciplinary questions and interacting with scientists from diverse fields.

    For further information visit http://www.giss.nasa.gov/projects/astrobio/ or contact Anthony DelGenio at anthony.d.delgenio@nasa.gov.

    For application requirements and instructions visit https://academicjobs.columbia.edu/applicants/Central?quickFind=60391

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    The Barringer Family Fund for Meteorite Impact Research 2015 Grants

    Application Deadline: April 3, 2015

    The Barringer Family Fund for Meteorite Impact Research program provides 3 to 5 competitive grants each year in the range of $2,500 to $5,000 USD for support of field research at known or suspected impact sites worldwide. Grant funds may be used to assist with travel and subsistence costs, as well as laboratory and computer analysis of research samples and findings. Masters, doctoral, and post-doctoral students enrolled in formal university programs are eligible.

    The fund has been established as a memorial to recognize the contributions of Brandon, Moreau, Paul, and Richard Barringer to the field of meteoritics and the Barringer family’s strong interest and support over many years in research and student education. In addition to its memorial nature, the Fund also reflects the family’s long-standing commitment to responsible stewardship of The Barringer Meteorite Crater and the family’s steadfast resolve in maintaining the crater as a unique scientific research and education site.

    For additional details and an application, please go to: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/science/kring/Awards/Barringer_Fund/.

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    Student Opportunity: Lloyd V. Berkner Space Policy Autumn Internship 2015

    Application Deadline: June 5, 2015, selections will be made by July 3, 2015

    The goal of the Lloyd V. Berkner Space Policy Internship is to provide promising undergraduate and graduate students with the opportunity to work in the area of civil space research policy in the nation’s capital, under the aegis of the National Research Council’s Space Science Board and Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board. The autumn program is open to undergraduate and graduate students. Candidate(s) selected for the summer and autumn programs will be contacted no later than 3 July, respectively. Additional information about the program, including application procedure, can be found at http://sites.nationalacademies.org/SSB/ssb_052239.

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    New Postdoctoral Research Opportunity: Lunar and Asteroid Volcanic Studies Based on Terrestrial Fieldwork, Laboratory Analysis and Numerical Modeling

    Application Open Until Filled

    This NPP (NASA Postdoctoral Program) position provides an opportunity to work with the FINESSE (Field Investigations to Enable Solar System Science and Exploration) team based at NASA Ames Research Center as a part of NASA’s SSERVI (Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute). The FINESSE team focuses on a science and exploration field-based research program aimed at generating strategic knowledge in preparation for the human and robotic exploration of the Moon, near-Earth asteroids (NEAs) and Phobos & Deimos. We infuse our science program with leading edge exploration concepts since “science enables exploration and exploration enables science.”

    This NPP position will focus on terrestrial volcanic field studies, laboratory analysis of samples, and numerical modeling as analogs for lunar and asteroid volcanic systems. The candidate will study the processes, geomorphic features and rock types related to fissure eruptions, volcanic constructs, lava tubes, flows and pyroclastic deposits.

    The full NPP ad can be viewed at https://www3.orau.gov/npdoc/catalog/18895

    For more information on FINESSE, please visit http://spacescience.arc.nasa.gov/finesse/

    or contact FINESSE PI Jennifer Heldmann at Jennifer.Heldmann@nasa.gov.

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    Simons Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Announce 2016 Faculty Scholars Competition

    Application Deadline: July 28, 2015

    The Simons Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation are pleased to announce the Faculty Scholars Competition, a national competition for grants to outstanding early-career scientists.

    The three philanthropies will award a total of $148 million over the program’s first five years, awarding up to 70 grants every two and a half to three years. The awards are intended for basic researchers and physician scientists who have already demonstrated significant research accomplishments and show potential to make unique and important contributions to their fields.

    The Faculty Scholars Competition marks the first time that HHMI, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the Simons Foundation have formally undertaken an initiative together. For more information CLICK HERE

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    March 28 – Abstract Submission Deadline for Pathways 2015: Pathways Towards Habitable Planets http://pathways2015.sciencesconf.org/

    March 30 – Abstract Submission Deadline for Geobiology in Space Exploration (GESE) Workshop on Extraterrestrial Subsurface Exploration http://www.astrobiology.ac.uk/2015/01/20/subsurfaceworkshop/

    March 31 – Application Deadline for the 2015 Josep Comas i Solà International Summer School in Astrobiology https://catalyst.uw.edu/webq/survey/astrobio/257965

    March 31 – Abstract Deadline for 2nd Planetary Data Workshop http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/planetdata2015/

    March 31 – Application Deadline for 2014 Nininger Meteorite Award http://meteorites.asu.edu/nininger

    March 31NASA Office of Education Scholarship and Research Opportunities https://intern.nasa.gov/ossi/web/public/main/index.cfm?solarAction=view&subAction=content&contentCode=HOME_PAGE_SCHOLARSHIPS

    March 31 – Abstract Submission Deadline for The Origin of Life – Second Conference on History and Philosophy of Astrobiology http://www.nordicastrobiology.net/Hoor2015/Abstracts.html

    April 1 – Grant Applications for Young Participants (PhD. and Postdocs) Due for IAU XXIX General Assembly http://www.iau.org/science/grants_prizes/iau_grants/ga_events/

    April 1 – Application Review Begins for Postdoctoral Teaching Associate in Mineralogy – University of Tennesee http://web.eps.utk.edu/

    April 1 – Abstract Submission Deadline for iCubeSat 2015 – 4th Interplanetary CubeSat Workshop http://icubesat.org/registration/

    April 1 – Application Deadline for the NASA Astrobiology Program Student Early Career Collaboration Awards https://astrobiology.nasa.gov/nai/funding/nasa-astrobiology-early-career-collaboration-award/

    April 2 – Abstract Submission Deadline for Goldschmidt 2015 http://goldschmidt.info/2015/abstracts

    April 3 – Abstract Submission Deadline for 12th International Planetary Probe Workshop (IPPW-12) http://www.planetaryprobe.eu/

    April 7 – Workshop on Venus Science Priorities for Laboratory Measurements and Instrument Definition http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/venustech2015/

    April 9 – Venus Exploration Analysis Group (VEXAG) MEETING #12 http://www.lpi.usra.edu/vexag/

    April 13 – Abstract Submission Deadline for NASA’s Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute (SSERVI) 2nd Annual NASA Exploration Science Forum (ESF) http://nesf2015.arc.nasa.gov/

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