The NAI Director's Seminar Series Presents: Bowling with Astrobiologists: A Twisted Path Toward the Origin of DNA
On October 3, 2016, the NAI Director’s Seminar Series presented Bowling with Astrobiologists: A Twisted Path Toward the Origin of DNA.
Presenter: Nathaniel Comfort (NASA/Library of Congress Chair in Astrobiology)
At the beginning, so runs the Zen saying, one sees mountains as mountains, and rivers as rivers. In 2015, it seemed a straightforward task to document the impact of recent developments such as genomics on origin-of-life research. It was to be—and will be—the first part of a book project on the biological, scientific, and cultural history of DNA. But then, a local conference attended by many luminaries ...
Source: [NAI Seminars and Workshops]September 29, 2016 / Posted by: Miki Huynh
Image from The Art of Yellowstone Science. Credit: Tom Murphy
Image from The Art of Yellowstone Science. Credit: Tom MurphySeptember 23, 2016 / Posted by: Miki Huynh
Published in August 2016 and authored by Douglas Galante, Evandro Pereira Da Silva, Fabio Rodrigues, Jorge Horvath, and Marcio De Avellar, Astrobiologia – Uma Ciência Emergente provides an introduction to astrobiology in Portuguese. The first issue gathers input from experts in different scientific areas and covers topics including research into the origins of life, the potentially habitable moons of our Solar System, and the discoveries of exoplanets.
More information and a free download of the first issue of Astrobiologia – Uma Ciência Emergente is available at: http://www.tikinet.com.br/iag/.
The Research Unit in Astrobiology (NAP-Astrobio) is ...
Source: [University of São Paulo NAP-Astrobio]September 19, 2016 / Posted by: Miki Huynh
Students and counselors from NASA and the Navajo Nation project’s 2012 Summer Camp at Canyon de Chelly National Monument. Source: NASA
The NASA and the Navajo Nation project is a collaboration between NASA, as led by the NASA Astrobiology Institute, and the Navajo Nation, as represented by numerous organizations including the Diné Bi Olta School Board Association, Navajo Technical University, and the Navajo Nation Department of Diné Education. The project was started in 2005, and over the past 12 years two educator guides have been co-developed that bring together cultural and scientific knowledge, as well as workshops for teachers and camps for students.
A recent article in Indian Country Today details how the project got its start and shares the perspectives ...
Source: [Indian Country Today]September 14, 2016 / Posted by: Miki Huynh
The NASA Science Mission Directorate Planetary Science Division intends to release a Cooperative Agreement Notice (CAN) soliciting team-based proposals for membership in the NASA Astrobiology Institute (NAI) in January 2017. Step-1 proposals will be due around March 15, 2017, and Step-2 proposals will be due in early June 2017.
The NASA Astrobiology Institute was established in 1998 as an institution of scientific collaboration across disciplines, across organizations, and within and among its participating Teams irrespective of their geographic distribution. A large amount of reference material is available at the Institute’s website, http://nai.nasa.gov, which provides proposers with details ...September 12, 2016 / Written by: NASA Science Mission Directorate
The John W. Kluge Center presents “The Emergence of Life: On the Earth, in the Lab, and Elsewhere,” an astrobiology symposium, on September 15 from 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
The emergence of life is among the most compelling questions in astrobiology. This symposium brings together scientists, humanists, and authors to explore what we know about the origins of life, how we came to know it, and what it means. Organized around the spaces in which we explore the origins of life—in terrestrial nature, in the laboratory, and on other planets—participants will each discuss ...
Source: [Library of Congress]September 12, 2016 / Written by: Library of Congress
The Atlas V rocket launched successfully on September 8, 2016, carrying with it the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft on the first US mission to sample an asteroid, retrieve at least two ounces of surface material, and return it to Earth for study. Source: NASA
An Atlas V rocket traced a blazing arc into the Florida sky the evening of September 8, 2016 to send a small robotic explorer on its way to an asteroid on a mission that scientists anticipate will reveal answers to some of the basic questions about the solar system.
“Tonight is a night for celebration, we are on the way to an asteroid,” said Ellen Stofan, NASA’s chief scientist. “We’re going to be answering some of the most fundamental questions that NASA works on.”
Lifting off at 7:05 p.m. from Space Launch Complex 41 at ...
Source: [NASA's Kennedy Space Center, Florida]September 09, 2016 / Written by: Steven Siceloff
Source: Pale Red Dot
The discovery of Proxima b is the biggest exoplanet discovery since the discovery of exoplanets. The planet is not much bigger than Earth and resides in the “habitable zone” of the Sun’s nearest stellar neighbor. This planet may represent humanity’s best chance to search for life among the stars. But is Proxima b habitable? Is it inhabited? These questions are impossible to answer at this time because we know so little about the planet. However, we can extrapolate from the worlds of our Solar System, as well as employ theoretical models of galactic, stellar, and planetary evolution, to ...
Source: [Pale Red Dot]September 08, 2016 / Written by: Rory Barnes
New research at Meteor Crater shows extreme temperatures and pressures during the impact that created the crater 49,000 years ago. Image credit: Aaron Cavosie
In molten sandstone extracted by prospectors a century ago, an international team of scientists has discovered microscopic crystals telling of unimaginable pressures and temperatures when an asteroid formed Meteor Crater in northern Arizona some 49,000 years ago.
The crystals, called zircons, have endured temperatures of 2,000 degrees Celsius or more, hot enough to melt any rock on Earth. In our planet’s crust, such temperatures occur only briefly inside impact zones, says Aaron Cavosie, a visiting professor in the NASA Astrobiology Institute’s Wisconsin Astrobiology Research Consortium team at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.
Zircons are tiny, phenomenally stable ...
Source: [University of Wisconsin-Madison]September 02, 2016 / Written by: David Tenenbaum
Earliest animals evolved in the mid to late Proterozoic Eon and lie deep in the fossil record. Depicted in the photo is an example of the Pteridinium genus. Credit: Douglas Erwin / National Museum of Natural History
Evolution may have been waiting for a decent breath of oxygen, said researcher Chris Reinhard. And that was hard to come by. His research team is tracking down O2 concentrations in oceans, where earliest animals evolved.
By doing so, they have jumped into the middle of a heated scientific debate on what rising oxygen did, if anything, to charge up evolutionary eras. Reinhard, a geochemist from the Georgia Institute of Technology, is shaking up conventional thinking with the help of computer modeling.
That thinking goes like this: “Atmospheric oxygen had a value of ‘x’ back then, and so we just ...
Source: [Georgia Tech]August 31, 2016 / Written by: Ben Brumfield
Artist's impression of the planet orbiting Proxima Centauri. Credit: ESO/M. Kornmesser
The discovery of the new Earth-sized planet candidate in the habitable zone of the star Proxima Centauri, a little more than four light-years away, was announced by ESO on August 24, 2016. The press release followed weeks of speculation and was itself followed by a great deal of excitement. The research paper on the finding has now been published in Nature.
To date, Proxima b is the closest exoplanet to us within a Goldilocks zone, putting it in a prime location for future observations, though whether the planet is actually habitable or possesses any other Earth-like qualities is still uncertain ...August 26, 2016 / Written by: Miki Huynh
The NASA Astrobiology Institute team at Jet Propulsion Laboratory have launched their new website! The Icy Worlds site (https://icyworlds.jpl.nasa.gov/) presents news, multimedia, videos detailing their research investigations, and more. Discover what’s happening in astrobiology at the water-rock interface.August 26, 2016 / Written by: Miki Huynh
The long awaited second edition of the Astrobiology Primer has been published in the journal Astrobiology, and is available to download!
This version is an update of the Primer originally published in 2006 by graduate students and postdoctoral researchers who wanted to provide a comprehensive introduction to the field. The 2016 version contains revised content that addresses the definition of life in scientific research, the origins of planets and planetary systems, the evolution and interactions of life on Earth, habitability on worlds beyond Earth, the search for life, and the overall implications of the astrobiology research. The Primer is intended ...
Source: [Astrobiology]August 23, 2016 / Written by: Miki Huynh
Congratulations to the recipients of the March 2016 NASA Postdoctoral Program (NPP) Fellowships in astrobiology!
Advisor: James Lyons, (Arizona State University, Exobiology)
Topic: “Explaining isotope fractionation of sulphur in the Archean atmosphere”
Advisor: J. Michael Brown/Steve Vance (University of Washington, NAI NASA JPL Icy Worlds team)
Topic: “Comprehensive thermodynamics of aqueous solutions and ice for understanding the habitability of extraterrestrial oceans”
Edward Wade Schwieterman
Advisor: Timothy Lyons (NAI University of California, Riverside team)
Topic: “Visualizing alternative Earths through time and space”
Advisor: Jan Amend (NAI University of Southern California team)
Topic: “Stable Isotope ...August 22, 2016 / Written by: NASA Astrobiology Institute (NAI)
A team of researchers studying samples from streams in the High Arctic has uncovered the lowest values measured thus far for stable carbon isotopic composition of dissolved organic matter (δ13C-DOC) in surface waters. When studying dissolved organic matter in environmental samples, scientists look at its stable carbon isotopic composition in order to learn about where the organic matter came from, and the extent to which it was processed by living organisms.
The new study outlines how biological activity has a significant impact on water chemistry in the streams, and indicates that environments with low amounts of dissolved organic carbon ...August 19, 2016 / Written by: Aaron Gronstal
- May 23 - Seminar: "The Promise of Polarimetry for Biosignatures and Habitability Markers"
- May 24 - Early Registration Deadline for 14th Annual Meeting of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS)
- May 25 - Application Deadline: 7th Paolo Farinella Prize
- May 26 - Indication of Interest Deadline for The XVIIIth International Conference on the Origin of Life
- May 26 - Abstract Submission Deadline for 12th Low-Cost Planetary Missions Conference
- May 29 - Registration Deadline for 3rd Planetary Data Workshop
- May 30 - Seminar: "Ask an Astrobiologist Featuring Dr. Eric Boyd"
- May 31 - Application Deadline for Summer School: "Formation of Complex Molecules in Space and on Planets - From interstellar Clouds to Life"
- June 1 - Abstract Submission Deadline for The First Billion Years: Accretion: Building New Worlds
- June 1 - Abstract and Registration Deadline for EANA 2017
- June 1 - Registration Deadline (Foreign Nationals) for NASA Exploration Science Forum (ESF)
- June 1 - Registration Deadline for Planet Formation and Evolution 2017
- June 1 - Abstract Submission Deadline for Planet Formation and Evolution 2017
- June 4 - Indication of Interest Deadline for Fourth International Conference on Early Mars
- June 9 - Registration Deadline for Robotic Telescopes Student Research and Education Conference
- June 9 - Registration Deadline for 3rd International Asteroid Impact Deflection Assessment (AIDA) Workshop
- June 11 - Application Deadline for Gordon Research Conference: Microbial Population Biology
- June 12 - Registration Deadline for Emerging Researchers in Exoplanet Science (ERES III)
- NAI 2014 Annual Science Report